Some Notes on Atonement

I took a few notes during the communion service today and thought I’d post them here.  The topic is timely for Palm Sunday…


Atonement is reparation for an offense.

    • Old Testament History
      • Meaning: to purge, cleanse, make appeasement for a broken relationship
      • Day of Atonement
        • See Leviticus 16
        • Before Day of Atonement, blood sprinkled before curtain
        • On Day of Atonement, blood sprinkled on the mercy seat
          • Ark of the Covenant had two parts: (1) chest with contents and (2) the cover (or mercy seat)
          • God’s special glorious presence dwelt between the cherubim above the mercy seat (or atonement cover)
        • The two goats:
          • First: sacrificed and blood sprinkled before the mercy seat — Atonement
          • Second: sins confessed over and it was sent away into the wilderness: the scape goat — Expiation
    • Christ’s Atonement
      • “Once for all…” (Heb 7:27, 9:12-10:10) – not a repeating sacrifice; contrast Catholicism and Judaism
      • Christ’s New Covenant Atonement is the anti-type of the Old Covenant Atonement
        • Christ himself is the high priest who offers the sacrifice (Heb 2:17)
        • Christ himself is the very sacrifice: “but now once in the end of the world hath he appeared to put away sin by the sacrifice of himself.” (Heb 9:26)
        • Christ himself is the altar on which the sacrifice was made. (Heb 13:10)
        • Christ himself is the mercy seat on which the blood was poured (compare Rom 3:25 with Heb 9:5, 11-15)

For all have sinned, and come short of the glory of God; Being justified freely by his grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus: Whom God hath set forth to be a propitiation through faith in his blood, to declare his righteousness for the remission of sins that are past, through the forbearance of God; To declare, I say, at this time his righteousness: that he might be just, and the justifier of him which believeth in Jesus.
(Rom 3:24-26)


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