Other than Jesus and the Apostles, whose name is mentioned more times in the New Testament than any other? A: Abraham ! Yea, none other than Father Abraham. Indeed, Abraham is probably the third or fourth most important man in all of Scripture – the Father of all the faithful, the exemplar of faithfulness, and the one from whom would come forth the Messiah and Salvation for the World. Indeed, Abraham is a key prophet of the most important prophets in all three of the world’s most prominent monotheistic religions – Christianity, Judaism, and Islam.
Faithful Abraham (Romans 4:11-13,16-18) was called from his life of idolatry and sin, to fulfill a special purpose in God’s plan of redemption for mankind – to bring forth the nation to whom God’s Divine Covenants would be made, the nation entrusted with the oracles of God (Romans 3:1-2), the people who would bring forth the Only Begotten Son of God into the world (Matthew 1:1-2, Hebrews 2:16) for the salvation of mankind.
Abraham, whose name means ‘father of a multitude’ was the founder of the great Hebrew nation. On the death of his father, Abram (as he was then called), was called by God to become the founder of the great nation and that through him, all the families of the Earth would be blessed (Genesis 12:1-5). So Abram migrated to the land of the Canaanites and there God promised him that his seed would inherit all that land – “And the LORD appeared unto Abram, and said, Unto thy seed will I give this land” (Gen 12:7).
Exodus from Egypt and Wilderness Wandering
Later, Abraham would migrate to Egypt due to famine, acquire great possessions, be driven out, and return to Palestine. Due to his great possessions, he had to separate from his nephew lot (over whom Abraham served as a sort of guardian). Back in the land of promise, God renewed His Covenant with His chosen servant.
The Promise Renewed
And the LORD said unto Abram, after that Lot was separated from him, Lift up now thine eyes, and look from the place where thou art northward, and southward, and eastward, and westward: For all the land which thou seest, to thee will I give it, and to thy seed for ever. And I will make thy seed as the dust of the earth: so that if a man can number the dust of the earth, then shall thy seed also be numbered. (Genesis 13:14-16)
The Promise Ratified by Covenant
Shortly thereafter, Lot was kidnapped and Abraham rescued him from capture. God met with Abraham again and renewed His Covenant a third time in a most solemn Covenant ceremony.
And he brought him forth abroad, and said, Look now toward heaven, and tell the stars, if thou be able to number them: and he said unto him, So shall thy seed be. And he believed in the LORD; and he counted it to him for righteousness. And he said unto him, I am the LORD that brought thee out of Ur of the Chaldees, to give thee this land to inherit it. …In the same day the LORD made a covenant with Abram, saying, Unto thy seed have I given this land, from the river of Egypt unto the great river, the river Euphrates… (Genesis 15:5-18)
The Crucial Question
To Abraham and to Abraham’s Seed are the promises made. The inheritance is sure and certain and will be inherited only by those that are sons of this man of faith. So the fundamental question that every Bible student needs to explore is this – who is/are the seed of Abraham? To whom do the promises belong? In whom are the promises and inheritance of God yeah and amen?
The answer to this question is the foundational key that structures all of Scripture.