Galatians 2:15-21 Text w/Notes

ἡμεῖς φύσει Ἰουδαῖοι καὶ οὐκ ἐξ ἐθνῶν ἁμαρτωλοί, 16 εἰδότες δὲ ὅτι οὐ δικαιοῦται ἄνθρωπος ἐξ ἔργων νόμου ἐὰν μὴ διὰ πίστεως Χριστοῦ Ἰησοῦ, καὶ ἡμεῖς εἰς Χριστὸν Ἰησοῦν ἐπιστεύσαμεν, ἵνα δικαιωθῶμεν ἐκ πίστεως Χριστοῦ καὶ οὐκ ἐξ ἔργων νόμου, ὅτι ἐξ ἔργων νόμου οὐ δικαιωθήσεται πᾶσα σάρξ. 17 εἰ δὲ ζητοῦντες δικαιωθῆναι ἐν Χριστῷ εὑρέθημεν καὶ αὐτοὶ ἁμαρτωλοί, ἆρα Χριστὸς ἁμαρτίας διάκονος; μὴ γένοιτο. 18 εἰ γὰρ ἃ κατέλυσα ταῦτα πάλιν οἰκοδομῶ, παραβάτην ἐμαυτὸν συνιστάνω. 19 ἐγὼ γὰρ διὰ νόμου νόμῳ ἀπέθανον ἵνα θεῷ ζήσω. 20 Χριστῷ συνεσταύρωμαι· ζῶ δὲ οὐκέτι ἐγώ, ζῇ δὲ ἐν ἐμοὶ Χριστός· ὃ δὲ νῦν ζῶ ἐν σαρκί, ἐν πίστει ζῶ τῇ τοῦ υἱοῦ τοῦ θεοῦ τοῦ ἀγαπήσαντός με καὶ παραδόντος ἑαυτὸν ὑπὲρ ἐμοῦ. 21 οὐκ ἀθετῶ τὴν χάριν τοῦ θεοῦ· εἰ γὰρ διὰ νόμου δικαιοσύνη, ἄρα Χριστὸς δωρεὰν ἀπέθανεν.

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φύσει instrumental (dat. of means), represents nature, natural endowment or condition (BAGD 1, contrast Rom 2:27,11:21) ; ἐὰν μὴ = ἀλλὰ (see 1:7, sim. use to Mat 12:4) ; πίστεως Χριστοῦ Ἰησοῦ objective genitive ; οὐ…πᾶσα σάρξ “not…all flesh” = no flesh (R 3:20, 1Cor 1:9) ; εὑρέθημεν καὶ αὐτοὶ reflexive use of αὐτόσ, “even we *ourselves*” ; ἆρα apodosis of conditional sentence (BAGD 3) ; μὴ γένοιτο 2aor opt. ; κατέλυσα trans. (fig), tear down, destory, demolish (BAGD 1bβ) ; παραβάτην from verb παραβαίνω (to go along side of, LSJ), transgressor (ie sinner, BAGD), see Rom 2:25 ; συνιστάνω transitive, show, demonstrate (BAGD I1c), σ. παραβάτην ἐμαυτὸν (demonstrate myself [to be] a transgressor ; τοῦ παραδόντος ptcpl, (see 1:4), παραδίδωμι is to hand over, give over τινί τι ; ἑαυτὸν ὑπὲρ ἐμοῦ (see 1:4) ; δωρεὰν acc. of δωρεά, used as adverb, as a free gift, freely (LSJ), in vain, to no purpose (BAGD 3) ;


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