Galatians 2:11-14 Text w/Notes


ὅτε δὲ ἦλθεν Κηφᾶς εἰς Ἀντιόχειαν, κατὰ πρόσωπον αὐτῷ ἀντέστην, ὅτι κατεγνωσμένος ἦν. 12 πρὸ τοῦ γὰρ ἐλθεῖν τινας ἀπὸ Ἰακώβου μετὰ τῶν ἐθνῶν συνήσθιεν· ὅτε δὲ ἦλθον, ὑπέστελλεν καὶ ἀφώριζεν ἑαυτόν, φοβούμενος τοὺς ἐκ περιτομῆς. 13 καὶ συνυπεκρίθησαν αὐτῷ καὶ οἱ λοιποὶ Ἰουδαῖοι, ὥστε καὶ Βαρναβᾶς συναπήχθη αὐτῶν τῇ ὑποκρίσει. 14 ἀλλ’ ὅτε εἶδον ὅτι οὐκ ὀρθοποδοῦσιν πρὸς τὴν ἀλήθειαν τοῦ εὐαγγελίου, εἶπον τῷ Κηφᾷ ἔμπροσθεν πάντων, εἰ σὺ Ἰουδαῖος ὑπάρχων ἐθνικῶς καὶ οὐχ Ἰουδαϊκῶς ζῇς, πῶς τὰ ἔθνη ἀναγκάζεις ἰουδαΐζειν;

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ἀντέστην 2 aor., intransitive use, rise up, stand up get, up, used in sense of accusers in court – Mt 12:41, Lk 11:32 (BAGD 2c) ; κατεγνωσμένος pass ptc. of καταγινώσκω, condemn, convict (I Jn 3:20) ; πρὸ τοῦ + inf. + acc. takes place of πρίν + inf. of Attic, means before (ATR 1074f) ; ὑπέστελλεν impf active, draw back, withdraw, + ἑαυφτόν withdraw himself (BAGD 1) ; ἀφώριζεν impf. of ἀθορίζω, separate, take away, exclude, + ἑαυφτόν to separate oneself (BAGD 1) ; συνυπεκρίθησαν join in playing a hypocrite ; συναπήχθη 1 aor pass, led away or carried off with, + dat. to be carried away by τινί (τῇ ὑποκρίσει) ; ἀναγκάζεις ἰουδαΐζειν compel, force, + inf. to do something (BAGD 1), ἰουδαΐζειν to live as Jews ;

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