Galatians 1:18-24 Text w/Notes


18 ἔπειτα μετὰ τρία ἔτη ἀνῆλθον εἰς Ἱεροσόλυμα ἱστορῆσαι Κηφᾶν, καὶ ἐπέμεινα πρὸς αὐτὸν ἡμέρας δεκαπέντε· 19 ἕτερον δὲ τῶν ἀποστόλων οὐκ εἶδον, εἰ μὴ Ἰάκωβον τὸν ἀδελφὸν τοῦ κυρίου. 20 ἃ δὲ γράφω ὑμῖν, ἰδοὺ ἐνώπιον τοῦ θεοῦ ὅτι οὐ ψεύδομαι. 21 ἔπειτα ἦλθον εἰς τὰ κλίματα τῆς Συρίας καὶ τῆς Κιλικίας. 22 ἤμην δὲ ἀγνοούμενος τῷ προσώπῳ ταῖς ἐκκλησίαις τῆς Ἰουδαίας ταῖς ἐν Χριστῷ, 23 μόνον δὲ ἀκούοντες ἦσαν ὅτι ὁ διώκων ἡμᾶς ποτε νῦν εὐαγγελίζεται τὴν πίστιν ἥν ποτε ἐπόρθει, 24 καὶ ἐδόξαζον ἐν ἐμοὶ τὸν θεόν.

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ἔπειτα (18 and 21) adv then or thereupon (BAGD) in regards to time ; ἱστορῆσαι aor. inf. of ἱστορέω + acc. pers., visit a person for the purpose of inquiry (LSJ) ; Κηφᾶν acc of Κηφᾶσ, Aramaic for Peter, means rock (πέτροσ) ; οὐκ…εἰ μὴ εἰ μὴ means “except” after a negative (BAGD VI8a) ; τὰ κλίματα district, region, or province (2 Cor 11:10, Rom 15:23) all ver. transl. “regions” ; Συρίας part of W. Asia bounded on N. by Taurus Mts., E. by Euphrates, S. by Palestine, and W. by Med. Sea, Cilicia is its neighboring Province in Asia Minor (see Acts 15:23,41), its capitol is Antioch ; Κιλικίας SE corner of Asia Minor, its capitol is Tarsus, home of Paul ; ἤμην impf ; ποτε … ποτε both at one time (in the past), double usage not special? ; ἐπόρθει impf pillage, make havoc of, destroy, annihilate τὶ (1:13, Acts 9:21) (BAGD) ; ἐν ἐμοὶ causal ;

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